List of Heads of State of Tangguria

From Atlas

For the heads of state of Tangguria before 1903, see List of Emperors of the Jin Dynasty.

President of the First Tanggu Republic[edit]

President of the Second Tanggu Republic[edit]

Chairman of the Tanggu People's Republic[edit]

Portrait Name Party Took office Left office Notes
1 Sen Kiyeng
Communist Party of Tangguria 1948 (Position Created) 1959
Originally a member of the Tangg'o Halandang (Tanggu Reform Party) and the Nongg'ongdang (Workers and Peasants Party), Sen Kiyeng became Chairman of the Tangg'oi Gungcandang or the Communist Party of Tangguria in the early 1930s. In 1935, the Second Tanggu Republic banned the Communist Party of Tangguria, and sent its army to pacify insurgent regions that followed the Communist Party, though many of them held out into the mid 1940s. When the Second Republican Period ended with the collapse of the ... government, the Communist Party of Tangguria with the backing of the Union of Socialist Republics of Stasnov re-emerged and quickly established control of the country.
2 Esurhu Ningucci
Communist Party of Tangguria 1959 1960 (Resigned) A member of the hardline faction, Esurhu was picked for the position of Chairman by his fellow party members after Sen was forced to resign. Esurhu was a backdoor figure instead of the widely visible Sen, leaving most issues to other more influential members of the hardline faction, such as Kodai Jabšangga, a key friend and ally. In 1961, due to agreements within the party, Esurhu agreed to transfer the office of Chairman to Kodai.
3 Kodai Jabšangga
Communist Party of Tangguria 1960 1974
(Died in Office)
Key architect behind the fall of Sen Kiyeng, Kodai Jabšangga became Chairman in 1961 after Esurhu decided to transfer the office. Kodai's tenure was marked by increasing authoritarianism as he built a new ideology around himself, one which had been stripped of many of the "failures" of Sen Kiyeng Thought, such as local democracy and worker's self-management. Also carried out much more heavy handed measures against nomadic tribes, who were previously exempt from collectivisation efforts. Tangguria also drifted back into good relations with Stasnov as a result of these ideological shifts.
4 Erge Mingsioi
Communist Party of Tangguria 1974 1980
(Died in Office)
Formerly party secretary under Kodai Jabšangga, Erge Mingsioi won out the power struggle and established himself as Chairman, one that aimed to continue the status quo set by Kodai. However, in the process of rising to power he had unknowingly empowered and encouraged groups of reformers by leveraging with them on certain issues. Died in office due to cancer, creating another power struggle in the process.
5 Peng Mingji
Communist Party of Tangguria 1980 1981
A conservative, Peng's tenure as Chairman struggled with a growing sense of reformism within the party, especially among those that had grown up with Sen Kiyeng's ideas of people's democracy and had been empowered by Erge's negotiations over power. After a series of missteps as he attempted to consolidate the party around himself instead following the legacy of Kodai, Peng lost the leadership of the party and of Tangguria to Duri Mujangga.
6 Duri Mujangga
Communist Party of Tangguria 1981 1983
(Died in Office)
Came to power as a reformer after winning a power struggle against conservative and hardline elements within the party. Duri started to begin efforts to liberalise Tangguria in accordance to Sen Kiyeng's original ideology, as well as drawing up rudimentary plans to reform the nation into a federation. Died before such efforts could be achieved successfully, and the office of Chairman passed to his protégé Jang Mutengge.
7 Jang Mutengge
Communist Party of Tangguria 1983 1990
(Position Dissolved)
The protégé of Duri Mujangga, Jang sought to liberalise the government of Tangguria, introducing more freedom of the press, encouraging the creation of new leftist parties, and allowing democratic elections. However, the increasingly unpopular ban on non-leftist parties remained. The road to economic liberalisation had led to several food shortages as well as high inflation in the latter half of Jang's tenure. A strong black market began to grow, one that the government failed in rooting out. Additionally, party officials within Jang's government began to criticise his implementation of economic reforms.

When the Communist Party under Jang declared victory in the 1990 election, mass protests were quashed with violence and some of the army deserted to the protesters, while other generals allied with several party officials tried to perform a coup d'etat against Jang's reformism. Jang's government survived, but was heavily weakened politically, and so when the protesters as well as a sizable chunk of the remaining army issued demands for the imposition of a non-leftist government overseen by the military, Jeng submitted and resigned. A week later, the military declared the Third Tanggu Republic.

President of the Third Tanggu Republic[edit]

Portrait Name Party Took office Left office Notes
1 Donggo Erdemungge
Tanggu National Party
1st of July, 1990
(Position Created)
3rd of February, 1991
Originally appointed as caretaker president for Tangguria for exactly four months as part of an agreement formed between representatives of protesters and the military, Donggo was able to hold onto the position of president for almost a year. Donggo had planned for military rule in Tangguria to continue despite the ideas of the democratic protesters, but a stroke in January alerted him to his poor health. On the 3rd of February he resigned, and the presidency was passed to his vice-president, Gung Cu.
2 Gung Cu
Tanggu National Party
3rd of February, 1991 4th of May, 1992
(Position Dissolved)
Unlike his predecessor, Gung Cu recognised that the military would not be able to hold the position as President of Tangguria for much longer without losing legitimacy in the eyes of his reform-minded allies, so he spent much of his term negotiating with parties that had arisen in the aftermath of the fall of the Tanggu People's Republic. He agreed to allow democratic elections, but insisted that the military should continue to have some advisement over the government, a role that would be stripped away under the next few presidents as they centralised power for themselves. When negotiations were finished, Gung declared the formation of the Tanggu Federation on the 4th of May 1992, almost two years after the creation of the Tanggu Republic.

President of the Tanggu Federation[edit]

Portrait Name Party Took office Left office Notes
1 Gung Cu
Young Tanggu Party 4th of May, 1992
(Position Created)
September, 1992 A new constitution was signed on the 4th of May 1992, which formed the Tanggu Federation. Gung Cu, now leader of the newly reformed Young Tanggu Party was to remain President, this time of a new civilian government, but he would be unable to run as party leader for the Young Tanggu Party in the upcoming elections in September 1992. The 1992 elections were won by the Sovereign Democratic Party under Biru Bayan.
2 Biru Bayan
(born 1939)
Sovereign Democratic Party 1992 1996 Biru won the election by appealing to traditional Tanggu virtues. Biru created cultural programmes to try to undo the effects of Kodai Jabšangga's Great Advancement. However despite many of these programmes proving popular especially among more rural Tanggu, party infighting led to the election defeat of the Sovereign Democratic Party in 1999, and the party broke up not long after. Many of the remnants of his party would go on to form the Tanggu National Sovereignity Party.
3 Bayisingtu Suhede
(born 1950)
Young Tanggu Party 1996 2000 A member of Tangguria's Nongor-Barmag minority. During Suhede's presidency, oligarchs became more influential within Tanggu politics, and they played a role in financing Suhede's election victory in the first place. Oligarchs soon began to take up valuable positions in the government, and were able to gain information about government financial policies. Suhede's presidency was marked by a number of scandals relating to these oligarchs, the result of which caused impeachment charges to be pressed against him in late 1999. Although he was acquitted in early 2000, he remained unpopular, leading to the Young Tanggu Party's defeat in 2000.
4 Jang Kangye
New Democracy Party 2000 2004 During Jang's presidency, she promoted the breakup of oligarchs, and many were imprisoned for fraud and tax evasion. Despite this, many of Jang's social and economic plans fell through due to a lack of support in the Yamun, and she lost the 2004 Tanggu presidential election to Sen Jirhangga of the Tanggu National Sovereignity Party. Her perceived "soft" position on the issue of Gidan Yehewani terrorism was also subject to criticism by the TNSP. She fled the Tanggu Federation in 2017, claiming that Sen Jirhangga had sought to arrest her and she died in exile in Acronia in 2021.
5 Sen Jirhangga
(born 1954)
Tanggu National Sovereignity Party 2004 2012 Many of the TNSP's policies in the election of 2004, such as the use of arrests without warrant for suspected members of the Yehewani were highly controversial, yet his "law and order" mentality strongly appealed to much of the Tanggu voting base, catapulting him to victory. Under his tenure Tangguria has been observed to be undergoing democratic backsliding, due to the detention of political dissidents and opponents, curtailed press freedom, and allegations of election tampering. Sen also oversaw massive growth in the economy from high prices of gas and oil.
6 Ci Fanggai
(born 1950)
Tanggu National Sovereignity Party 2012 2016 Ci Fanggai's single term continued the democratic backsliding of Sen Jirhangga. Her close relationship with Sen Jirhangga, who became vice-president for her term, and the amount of influence he left in the government have led to many to consider her term a tandemocracy, with Sen ultimately holding much of the power within the party. Under Ci, key industries were modernised, the Tanggu economy became more diverse, and the Yehewani conflict was brought to an end.
7 Sen Jirhangga
(born 1954)
Tanggu National Sovereignity Party 2016 Incumbent Since the beginning of Sen Jirhangga's third and fourth terms, many have considered the Tanggu Federation to be no longer democratic, on account of the widespread persecution of political opponents and activists. Also concerning to many political organisations was the abolishment of term limits in 2018, an act that led to protests that were violently cracked down. Sen in his second term has decided to expand Tangguria's global influence in ways unseen before, trading with an increasing myriad of nations, and acting in regional affairs such as the intervention into Trang in early 2021.