Kadolhan National Air Force

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Kadolhan National Air Force
Кадољске народне ваздушне снаге
Kadoljske narodne vazdušne snage

Emblem of the Kadolhan National Air Force
Active 6 March 1913 – present
(111 years, 1 month and 11 days)
Country  Kadolha
Allegiance Kadolha Bureau of National Defence
Type Air force
Role Airspace defence
Size 220,000 active personnel
20,000 reserve personnel
3,017 aircraft
Part of  Kadolhan National Defence Forces
Headquarters Air Force Base Vjetar, Kradelas
Nickname KNAF
Patron Perun
Motto Летимо као орлови, бранимо као юнаци
Letimo kao orlovi, branimo kao junaci
(Flying like eagles, defending like heroes)
Colors                Red, Black, White
March Корачница доносилаца смрти
Koračnica donosilaca smrti
(March of the Death Bringers)
Anniversaries 6 March (Day of the Air Force)
Engagements First Great War
Second Great War
Battle honours See battle honours
Commanders
Marshal of the National Air Force Lazar Kovačević
Insignia
Ensign
Roundel
Fin flash
Aircraft flown
Attack J-88
Bomber B-56, BČ-60
Electronic
warfare
RU-97
Fighter ML-13, K-16, K-15, RK-124
Helicopter OKR-90, OKR-332
Attack helicopter J-OKR-733
Utility helicopter OKR-355
Reconnaissance SLVN-77
Trainer PC-7, PC-9, T-5
Transport PN-200, PN-100, PN-328, Ł-130, Ł-141, PN-340

The Kadolhan National Air Force (Kadolhan: Кадољске народне ваздушне снаге / Kadoljske narodne vazdušne snage) is the aerial warfare branch of the Kadolhan National Defence Forces. The KNAF is tasked with aerospace defence. The current Marshal of the National Air Force is Lazar Kovačević.

The founding of the Kadolhan Air Force in 1913 came to the foundation of several doctrines involving aerial warfare and air superiority. It was not until the start of the First Great War when the Ketranel Aviation Company was forced to produce aircraft at a sped-up pace to increase war efforts. After the war, the aviation industry slowed down in terms of production, but continued to produce quality aircraft for the Kadolhan Air Force and the aviation unit of the Kadolhan Naval Force.

During the interwar era...

History[edit]

The Kadolhan National Air Force was founded as the Kadolhan Air Force on 6 March 1913, when the first batch of biplane fighter aircraft arrived at Fort Gortov in Kradelas. The Ketranel Aviation Company became responsible for the creation of aircraft for the Kadolhan Air Force...

First Great War[edit]

Interwar era[edit]

Second Great War[edit]

Role[edit]

The primary role of the Kadolhan National Air Force is the defence of Kadolhan airspace, despite only that, roles vary through different types of aircraft used in the air force, and these types are as follows:

  • Multirole fighter aircraft: Multirole fighter aircraft have a combined role, depending on the armament they are carrying. Most aircraft are equipped with air-to-air missiles, air-to-ground missiles and bombs for air superiority and air-to-ground operations. During peacetime, multirole aircraft are dedicated to intercept any aircraft violating Kadolhan airspace, notably those without clearance and/or are unidentified, in this case they will be fired upon if they do not identify themselves, if identified, the aircraft will be escorted out of Kadolhan airspace, this also includes peacetime air operations, such as exercises, escorting aircraft, etc. Kadolha does not have a dedicated interceptor aircraft, so it relies on the use of its multirole fighters to perform such actions.
  • Attack aircraft: Unlike multirole fighters, attack aircraft are more dedicated to the role they are assigned to, because of the armament they carry. Attack aircraft have the role of air-to-ground operations, including close air support. Often armed with only air-to-surface missiles and bombs, sometimes for self-defence they are equipped with air-to-air missiles. The close air support role is fulfilled by the Ketranel J-88. Before the end of the Second Great War, Kadolha used dive bombers as its primary attack aircraft, after the war they were phased out of service and replaced by proper attack aircraft.
  • Bomber aircraft: The role of (strategic) bomber aircraft is to target the vital points of an enemy state, those often being of military complexes and infrastructure in order to break the enemy's morale and destroy their ability to produce more weapons & supplies necessary in supplying troops on the frontline. During the Second Great War, strategic and tactical bombers escorted by fighter aircraft were very commonly used. Nowadays strategic bomber aircraft in KNAF service are equipped with electronic-warfare equipment which is used to avoid radar detection. The KNAF uses the Bloodian B-56 strategic bomber and a domestically produced bomber called the Ketranel BČ-60.
  • Transport aircraft: These aircraft are commonly used to transport infantry units, air-drop tanks and for the purpose of parachute units. Kadolha operates two types of transport aircraft, strategic and tactical transports. Strategic transport aircraft are used to transport bigger quantities of troops from one location to another or air-dropping tanks. Tactical transport aircraft tend to be faster than strategic transports, because of lighter weight, but the incapability to transport a large quantity of troops.
  • Special-mission aircraft: Special-mission aircraft vary through four types of aircraft in Kadolhan service, those being electronic-warfare, reconnaissance, airborne early warning and aerial refueling aircraft. Electronic-warfare aircraft are tasked with the use of electronic warfare in order to damage the enemy's radar detection capabilities, in other words radar jamming and the ability to use stealth. Reconnaissance aircraft are given a role to conduct reconnaissance operations outside friendly airspace in order to gain more intelligence on enemy or potential enemy forces. Formerly using only aerial cartography aircraft, the KNAF introduced proper reconnaissance aircraft equipped with electronic countermeasures equipment to avoid detection and mapping devices for aerial cartography. Airborne Early Warning & Control (AEW&C) aircraft are airborne radar picket systems used for detection of enemy aircraft, ships and vehicles at a longer range and has the ability to perform command & control operations by directing multirole fighter and attack aircraft. Aerial refueling aircraft are used for refueling friendly aircraft in-flight by the use of the probe-and-drogue system or the flying boom, despite of some multirole aircraft being able to carry fuel tanks and act as buddy refueling aircraft.
  • Trainer aircraft: This type of aircraft is used for the training of new air force cadets and are assigned to trainer squadrons.
  • Transport helicopters: Transport helicopters are common rotary-wing transports used to move troops from one location to another, but obviously with a limited operation range compared to fixed-wing transport aircraft.
  • Utility helicopters: Utility helicopters are used for several purposes, sometimes referred to as multi-purpose helicopters.
  • Attack helicopters: Attack helicopters are armed helicopters used as attack aircraft to deliver support for ground-based units and to engage enemy ground vehicles and infantry.

Organization[edit]

Command structure[edit]

  • General Staff of the Air Force
    • 108th Engineering Battalion
    • 305th Command Battalion
    • KNAF Military Police
    • National Meteorological Service
    • Section for Air Control, Protection and Allocation
    • Air Medical Institute
    • Aeronautical Plant
  • Tactical Command
    • Aerial Operations Center
    • Air Tactics Center
    • Air Photo Interpretation Center
    • First Combat Wing
      • 62nd Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 15th Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 100th Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 44th Aerial Fighter Squadron
    • Second Combat Wing
      • 8th Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 70th Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 59th Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 46th Aerial Fighter Squadron
    • Third Combat Wing
      • 10th Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 17th Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 3rd Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 109th Aerial Fighter Squadron
    • Fourth Combat Wing
      • 55th Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 101st Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 72nd Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 60th Aerial Fighter Squadron
    • Fifth Combat Wing
      • 14th Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 88th Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 35th Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 20th Aerial Fighter Squadron
    • Sixth Combat Wing
      • 117th Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 105th Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 27th Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 51st Aerial Fighter Squadron
    • Seventh Combat Wing
      • 64th Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 38th Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 22nd Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 5th Aerial Fighter Squadron
    • Eighth Combat Wing
      • 108th Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 97th Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 140th Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 81st Aerial Fighter Squadron
    • Ninth Combat Wing
      • 73rd Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 111th Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 16th Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 2nd Aerial Fighter Squadron
    • Tenth Combat Wing
      • 103rd Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 42nd Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 125th Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 80th Aerial Fighter Squadron
    • Eleventh Combat Wing
      • 177th Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 206th Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 78th Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 342nd Aerial Fighter Squadron
    • Twelfth Combat Wing
      • 191st Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 408th Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 4th Aerial Fighter Squadron
      • 255th Aerial Fighter Squadron
    • Thirteenth Combat Wing
      • 77th Attack Squadron
      • 99th Attack Squadron
      • 69th Attack Squadron
      • 135th Attack Squadron
    • Fourteenth Combat Wing
      • 93rd Attack Squadron
      • 110th Attack Squadron
      • 87th Attack Squadron
      • 23rd Attack Squadron
    • Fifteenth Combat Wing
      • 730th Attack Squadron
      • 76th Attack Squadron
      • 48th Attack Squadron
      • 125th Attack Squadron
    • Sixteenth Combat Wing
      • 130th Attack Squadron
      • 46th Attack Squadron
      • 59th Attack Squadron
      • 28th Attack Squadron
    • Seventeenth Combat Wing
      • 19th Attack Squadron
      • 33rd Attack Squadron
      • 12th Attack Squadron
      • 184th Attack Squadron
    • Reconnaissance Wing
      • 1st Reconnaissance Squadron
      • 2nd Reconnaissance Squadron
    • Electronic Warfare Wing
      • 1st Electronic Warfare Squadron
      • 2nd Electronic Warfare Squadron
  • Strategic Command
    • First Bomber Wing
      • 66th Strategic Bomber Squadron
      • 2nd Strategic Bomber Squadron
    • Second Bomber Wing
      • 24th Strategic Bomber Squadron
      • 26th Strategic Bomber Squadron
  • Support Command
    • Medical Emergency Evacuation Helicopter Unit
    • First Transport Wing
      • 4th Transport Squadron
      • 45th Transport Squadron
      • 13th Transport Squadron
      • 70th Transport Squadron
    • Second Transport Wing
      • 15th Transport Squadron
      • 22nd Transport Squadron
      • 17th Transport Squadron
      • 30th Transport Squadron
    • Third Transport Wing
      • 183rd Transport Squadron
      • 151st Transport Squadron
      • 64th Transport Squadron
      • 90th Transport Squadron
    • Fourth Transport Wing
      • 76th Transport Squadron
      • 128th Transport Squadron
      • 14th Transport Squadron
      • 34th Transport Squadron
    • Fifth Transport Wing
      • 145th Transport Squadron
      • 79th Transport Squadron
      • 20th Transport Squadron
      • 11th Transport Squadron
    • State Transport Wing
      • State Transport Squadron
    • Sixth Support Wing
      • 1st Aerial Refueling Squadron
      • 2nd Aerial Refueling Squadron
    • Aerial Infrastructure Wing
    • Aerial Supply Depot
    • Ammunition Supply Depot
    • Petroleum Distribution Company
  • Airborne Early Warning Command
    • Air Traffic Control Center
    • Electronic Warfare Center
    • Airborne Early Warning Wing
      • 1st AEW Squadron
  • Training Command
    • First Training Wing
      • 5th Air Force Trainer Squadron
      • 12th Air Force Trainer Squadron
      • 7th Air Force Trainer Squadron
    • Second Training Wing
      • 199th Air Force Trainer Squadron
      • 92nd Air Force Trainer Squadron
      • 17th Air Force Trainer Squadron
  • Helicopter Command
    • First Helicopter Wing
      • 37th Transport Helicopter Squadron
      • 20th Transport Helicopter Squadron
      • 25th Transport Helicopter Squadron
      • 66th Transport Helicopter Squadron
    • Second Helicopter Wing
      • 11th Transport Helicopter Squadron
      • 23rd Transport Helicopter Squadron
      • 155th Transport Helicopter Squadron
      • 18th Transport Helicopter Squadron
    • Third Helicopter Wing
      • 95th Transport Helicopter Squadron
      • 34th Transport Helicopter Squadron
      • 48th Transport Helicopter Squadron
    • Fourth Helicopter Wing
      • 69th Transport Helicopter Squadron
      • 50th Transport Helicopter Squadron
      • 9th Transport Helicopter Squadron
    • Fifth Helicopter Wing
      • 127th Utility Helicopter Squadron
      • 36th Utility Helicopter Squadron
      • 81st Utility Helicopter Squadron
    • Sixth Helicopter Wing
      • 68th Utility Helicopter Squadron
      • 149th Utility Helicopter Squadron
    • Seventh Helicopter Wing
      • 160th Attack Helicopter Squadron
      • 156th Attack Helicopter Squadron
      • 10th Attack Helicopter Squadron
    • Ninth Helicopter Wing
      • 205th Attack Helicopter Squadron
      • 178th Attack Helicopter Squadron
      • 166th Attack Helicopter Squadron
    • Tenth Helicopter Wing
      • 85th Attack Helicopter Squadron
      • 114th Attack Helicopter Squadron

Ranks[edit]

Unit types[edit]

Equipment[edit]

Armament inventory[edit]

The Kadolhan National Air Force operates mostly missiles of domestic and Bloodian origin and has received a license to produce them. Kadolha operates missiles and bombs of domestic origin, that are often placed on Ketranel ML-13 aircraft, whilst the general-purpose, cluster and anti-runway bombs can be equipped by bomber, attack and multirole aircraft.

Name Type Origin Note
Veteka VK-ORĐ-27 Revolver cannon  Kadolha
Vaklan UL-16 Air-to-air missile  Kadolha
Vaklan UL-5 Air-to-air missile  Kadolha
Vaklan UL-11 Multipurpose missile  Kadolha
Vaklan UL-98 Air-to-surface missile  Kadolha
UZ-11 series General-purpose bomb  Kadolha Mark V, VI, VII, VIII and IX are currently in service. Last Mk III and IV bombs phased out in 2013.
UZ-8 series Cluster bomb  Kadolha Mark IV, V, VII and VIII in service. Mk IV and V are to be soon retired from service.
UZ/PRB-14 Precision-guided bomb  Kadolha
Vaklan Izbacivač-97 Cluster munitions dispenser  Kadolha Dispenses bomblets (MUZ-64) to use against infantry and armoured formations, a anti-runway bomb (PSUZ-51), and fragmentation mines which are parachute dropped and have the ability to self-arm.

Uniforms[edit]

M09-NCO and M09-CO KNAF dress uniform
M12-PU pilot uniform worn by a Kadolhan pilot making preparations for take off

There are two dress uniforms (M09-NCO and M09-CO), a pilot uniform (M12-PU) and a ceremonial uniform (M10-PA) in use by the Kadolhan National Air Force. The dress uniform has a dark electric blue pattern, with the KNAF emblem located on the right sleeve, and the flag of Kadolha on the left sleeve. The pilot uniform (pictured on the left) has a army green pattern, the emblem of the squadron is located on the left sleeve, the Kadolhan flag on the right sleeve. The ceremonial uniform uses a white pattern, on the left it has a fourragère, for a specific rank it has shoulder badges and on the left sleeve of the uniform a Kadolhan flag. NCO and CO caps are also used as a part of the ceremonial uniform. The M09-NCO dress uniform, differs from the M05-CO because unlike the commissioned officer uniform it does not have the golden collar patch with the air force pins, and the use of a beret instead of a officer cap.

After the reformation of the then Kadolhan Air Force, shortly after the end of the Second Great War, the KAF was renamed to the Kadolhan National Air Force. Followed by this, newer dress and pilot uniforms were issued to air force personnel, notably the M48-NCO/CO dress uniform (replaced years later by the M55-NCO/CO) and the M49/51-PU (replaced by the M60-PU).

Berets[edit]

The beret is only worn by non-commissioned officers when in their dress uniform and pilot uniform during a drill. The color pattern of the KNAF beret is a darker hue version of the standard dress uniform pattern, and it has a Kadolhan air force eagle emblem on the front in a grey shade.

Aircraft inventory[edit]

Summary of aircraft in service by type
CombatSpecial missionTransportTrainingAttack helicopterUtility helicopter
1,623168418147219442

Kadolhan National Air Force

The Kadolhan National Air Force operates a grand total of 3,017 aircraft. These aircraft are listed by their type in the following list: 1,154 fighter aircraft, 469 attack aircraft, 62 bomber aircraft, 418 transport aircraft, 106 special-mission aircraft, 147 trainer aircraft and 661 helicopters (330 transport, 112 utility and 219 attack helicopters). The K-16 makes up most of the fighter fleet, numbering 363 aircraft, followed by the Ketranel ML-13 (349), the K-15 (263) and the RK-124 (179). The air force saw a rapid increase in modern aircraft in the past couple of decades, becoming one of the biggest modern air forces in Slavia.

Retired aircraft[edit]

For a full list of aircraft operated by then Kadolhan Air Force during the First Great War and the Second Great War, please check the main articles mentioned above. The list below is a entire list of aircraft operated by the Kadolhan National Air Force from 1948 to the 2010s:

Ceremonial aircraft[edit]

Leadership[edit]

Previous and highest military office, pre-2018.

Marshal of the National Air Force Years
Željko Krljić 1948 – 1955
Slobodan Vasiljević 1955 – 1974
Vedran Jokić 1974 – 1980
Obren Dragičević 1980 – 1997
Petar Petrović 1997 – 2006
Lazar Kovačević 2006 – present

Future[edit]

Summary of aircraft to be delivered to the Kadolhan National Air Force by 2020.

Aircraft Origin Class Role No. ordered Notes
Ketranel N-SL  Kadolha
 Cestros
Jet Stealth multirole fighter TBA Joint Kadolhan and Cestrosian stealth fighter program.

Markings[edit]

Kill markings[edit]

Gallery[edit]