Kadolha

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Republic of Kadolha
Људовладство Кадољска
Ljudovladstvo Kadoljska
Motto: "Єдинство или Смрт"
"Jedinstvo ili Smrt"
"Unity or Death"
Anthem: "Ой, прелиєпа Земљо"
"Oj, prelijepa Zemljo"
"Oh, beautiful Land"
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Location of Kadolha.png
Location of  Kadolha  (dark green)

in Zemlya  (grey)

Capital
and largest city
Kradelas
Official languagesKadolhan
Ethnic groups96.7% Kadolhans
1.3% Bloodians
1% Lipnitians
0.5% Lubilians
0.4% Arkanovians
0.1% Satarians
ReligionKadolhan Rodnovery
DemonymKadolhan
GovernmentRevivalist one-party state
Nemanja Božanović
LegislatureNational Assembly
Establishment
603
692
722
• Dissolution of the empire and breakup into several states
1503
1508
• Reunification and formation of the First Kadolhan Republic
1711
1802
1924
Area
• Total
827,857 km2 (319,637 sq mi)
Population
• 2015 estimate
93,890,907
• Density
113/km2 (292.7/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
• Total
$4.5 trillion
• Per capita
$47,927
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
• Total
$4.7 trillion
• Per capita
$50,058
Ginipositive decrease 37
medium
HDISteady 0.772
high
CurrencyKadolhan lakre
Time zoneKradelas Standard Time (UTC+2)
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
Drives on theright
Calling code+88
ISO 3166 codeKAD
Internet TLD.кад

Kadolha (Kadolhan: Кадољска / Kadoljska), officially the Republic of Kadolha (Kadolhan: Људовладство Кадољска / Ljudovladstvo Kadoljska), is a sovereign state located in southern Zemlya, on the mainland it shares a border with Bloodia through the external voivodeship Vačarje to the north, Arkanovia to the south, Hakovlje to the southeast, Lipnitia to the north, Lubilia to the east, Sataria to the north, Lipnitia once more to the east through the voivodeship Primoria and Bloodia to the west, a maritime border is shared with Vreteke to the southwest. Kradelas, is located in the Capital Voivodeship and it is the official seating of the government.

The Kadolhans are an ethnic group that formed in the Cozars in the 6th century AD, originally migrating from White Kadolha, which was located in modern-day Reismov. The Kadolhans invaded the Eutrucian Empire and formed the Kadolhan despotate in 603, expanding and forming the Kingdom of Kadolha in 692. The Kadolhan Empire was formed in 722, encompassing most of the Cozars, and it was unofficially called the Cozar Empire by its neighbours. Kadolha remained a Rodnover nation, rejecting Issianisation from the Eutrucian Empire, and slaughtering missionaries that have attempted spreading Issianism. The Kadolhan Empire was dissolved into fourteen smaller states in 1503, with the Principality of Kradelas proclaimed in 1508, which would a century later lead to the Reunification War. The Principality of Kradelas united the other thirteen states through a war started in 1573 and in 1711 the First Kadolhan Republic was established. The 1802 coup d'état paved the way for a presidential system, forming the Second Kadolhan Republic and placing the reformed constitution into effect. In 1897, Kadolha invaded the Kingdom of Lubilia and annexed it in a matter of days after the Lubilian government announced its surrender. Kadolhans were met with almost no resistance as the Lubilians did not intend to fight them. This invasion was often characterized as an attempt to recreate the Kadolhan Empire or Greater Kadolha in general. [FIRST GREAT WAR]. In 1924, The Storming of Kradelas, led by Dragan Obrenović, toppled the Republican government and placed a Revivalist government in power lasting to this day. [SECOND GREAT WAR]. In 1953, Kadolha declared war on the Sajuz to reclaim Primoria, starting the Primorian War, and in 1955 ending with Kadolhan victory. Primoria was successfully reintegrated into Kadolha as an external voivodeship.

Kadolha is the leading member of the Collective Strategic Defense Organization (CSDO). Kadolha has adhered a isolationist policy with closed borders, although there are many ethnic groups located on the borders with neighboring countries. Primoria is considered an exclave by the government, hence why economic statistics, demographics and area measurements are done by special offices, but are still included with the estimates on the mainland, the only exception being overseas territories, who's statistics are not included with the mainland's. Kadolha is ranked as one of the richest and most developed countries in Slavia.

History[edit]

Prehistory[edit]

Despotate[edit]

Kingdom[edit]

Kadolhan Empire[edit]

Fall of the Empire and formation of several states[edit]

Principality of Kradelas[edit]

Reunification[edit]

First Kadolhan Republic[edit]

Coup and formation of the Second Kadolhan Republic[edit]

First Great War[edit]

Interwar period[edit]

Second Great War[edit]

Politics and government[edit]

Kadolha is a Revivalist republic, with the government divided into a executive branch, legislative branch and judicial branch.

The government and politics of Kadolha function as a Revivalist republic, where a one-party system is enforced and the Vrhovni Vođa is both the head of state and head of government.

The National Assembly Building, the current seat of the National Assembly, located in the capital of Kradelas
The Vrhovni Vođa is responsible for appointing members of the Council of Bureau Executives, including members of the National Assembly and the judicial branch. The executive branch is composed of the Vrhovni Vođa and the Council of Bureau Executives.

The legislative branch of the government forms the National Assembly. The National Assembly is a unicameral legislative body and it has a total of 518 members with a term of five years. 518 candidates are appointed by the Vrhovni Vođa, but before convening they will be subject to a national referendum, in which the majority of votes that are against the new assembly will be prompted to its dissolution, and a public election will be held by its geographic constituencies. Its members are employers confederations, employees confederations, liberal professions and public bodies.

The judicial branch of the government is the Supreme Court, which is the highest authority within the justice system, where judges are appointed by the Vrhovni Vođa himself. The Court of Criminal Appeal has the power of judicial review within the justice system, and the judges are also appointed by the Vrhovni Vođa.

The current party in power is the National Revivalist Party.

Foreign relations[edit]

Kadolha's foreign policy is conducted by the Bureau of Foreign Affairs and its head, the Bureau Executive of Foreign Affairs. The current bureau executive is Bojan Nemanjić. The main aims of the Bureau for Foreign Affairs are to represent Kadolha before other states; safeguarding the interests of the Kadolhan state and of its citizens abroad; the promotion of Kadolhan culture; and the fostering of closer relations with the Kadolhan diaspora.

The Bureau of Foreign Affairs in Kradelas
Kadolha is allied with Lipnitia, Arkanovia and Lubilia in a military and economic alliance called the Collective Strategic Defense Organization (CSDO). Kadolha maintains relations with all countries Slavia, having an embassy or consulate in each.

There is one mission that the Bureau of Foreign Affairs focuses on the most and that is the improvement of relations with Vreteke. There have been numerous accusations and maritime disputes between the two nations for decades, especially considering that Kadolha occupied Vreteke during the Second Great War and went to war with the country in 1989, ending in a bombing campaign that left Vreteke in ruins.

Law and criminal justice[edit]

Kadolha has a three-tiered judicial system, the system is overseen by the Bureau of Justice, specifically by the Bureau Executive of Justice. The current law system in use is the typical civil law system. The judiciary system is made up of the following three courts:

  • Supreme Court of the State and the Highest Commission — The highest judiciary body in the state, also known as the "court of last resort". The Supreme Court is responsible for the trial of offenders who have attempted or have caused immense damaged to the state.
  • Court of Criminal Appeal — This court hears and reviews appeals from legal cases that have already been heard in a high or lower court.
  • High Court of Justice and Lower Court of Justice — The lower court may take in appeals, the decision of this court is often reviewed by the Court of Criminal Appeal. The High Court of Justice is the court which deals at first instance with the most serious and important civil and criminal cases.
BMW E46 328i of the National Police in Laškana
The law is enforced by the Kadolhan National Police Force, which itself is subordinate to the Bureau of Internal Affairs. National security, intelligence and counterintelligence operations are handled by the State Security Agency.

The judiciary system also holds two supreme war tribunals, they are tasked to trial and bring a final verdict to war criminals of both Kadolhan and foreign origin, which is done after a certain amount of evidence is gathered and when witnesses are brought in after a war that Kadolha took part in. Throughout Kadolha's military history, since the year the war tribunal was established in 1804, there have been only a few cases involving war criminals of Kadolhan origin, although there was a case of treachery involved, because it was commonly foreign soldiers and officers who were trialed, and very likely imprisoned or executed. The two war tribunals are the following:

  • Supreme War Tribunal of the First Class — Responsible for trialing and convicting foreign commissioned officers and non-commissioned officers who have committed serious offenses against the state.
  • Supreme War Tribunal of the Second Class — Responsible for trialing and convicting commissioned officers and non-commissioned officers of Kadolhan origin who have committed serious offenses against the enemy state and the Kadolhan state.

Military[edit]

The Kadolhan National Defence Forces are subordinate to the Bureau of National Defence and are composed of the Kadolhan National Land Forces; the Kadolhan National Air Force; and the Kadolhan National Naval Force. The current strength of the KNDF is 920,000 active personnel and 136,000 reserve personnel, the military budget is 4% of the country's gross domestic product. Ranked among one of the most powerful militaries in Slavia, the peak strength of the KNDF, formerly the Kadolhan Defensive Forces, was in the 1940s during the Second Great War.

The Commander-in-chief of the Kadolhan National Defence Forces is the Vrhovni Vođa, whilst the Bureau Executive of National Defence and the Head Chief of the General Staff are appointed by the Vrhovni Vođa.

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Hydrology[edit]

Environment[edit]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Kadolha is consisted of twenty-nine voivodeships divided into župe, which are subdivided into opštine. The capital city Kradelas is located in the Capital Voivodeship, hence the name of the voivodeship. The Capital Voivodeship is the only self-governing voivodeship in the entire country, all other voivodeships have no powers of their own and are often centers of state authority. The following is a list of all twenty-nine voivodeships: #C. Capital Voivodeship; 1. Trnovče; 2. Prilišta; 3. Petrovka; 4. Đavolac; 5. Vriškan; 6. Jakovac; 7. Mrikovac; 8. Lučevac; 9. Varažija; 10. Bukovac; 11. Saračevo; 12. Vrljac; 13. Pelaćin; 14. Delinkovac; 15. Meriča; 16. Čavkoje; 17. Lavožka; 18. Ivučac; 19. Voluća; 20. Novašovac; 21. Vežaljska; 22. Aljavrać; 23. Šekoval; 24. Žarkovo; 25. Niković; 26. Berežija; 27. Kaljušeća; 28. Feljača.

The voivodeship of Vačarje, located west of the Kadolhan mainland and separated by a sea is a external voivodeship of Kadolha, hence why censuses are done by special offices, just like with other external voivodeships and overseas territories. Although censuses and estimates are conducted by special offices, unlike overseas territories, they are taken into account with mainland estimates, such as with the population. This voivodeship is bordered by Bloodia to the north. Primoria is an external voivdeship which was officially disputed between the Sajuz and Kadolha during the Cold War, after 1991 it was recognized by the Lipnitian and Satarian government as sovereign territory of Kadolha. Vačarje is divided into three župe: North Vačarje, Central Vačarje and South Vačarje; along with Primoria, which is divided into two župe: West Primoria and East Primoria.

Dependencies[edit]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2015 census, the population of Kadolha is 93,890,907 and the overall population density stands at 113 inhabitants per square kilometer. The estimated total fertility rate is 3.02 children born/woman, the birth rate stands at 13, which is significantly higher than the birth rate of 10.5 in 1984. The enforced ban on contraception and abortion helped the total fertility and birth rate to increase, same goes for the 3-year maternity leave that has been reinstated in the past two decades, as well as boosting part-time jobs. The mortality rate is 3.80, while the infant mortality rate is 1.40 per 1,000 live births, which is a decrease from the 2.60 rate in 2000. The intentional homicide rate per year per 1,000 inhabitants is 1.55, it experienced a major decrease since the 1970s, since the intentional homicide rate in 1973 was 5.62. Life expectancy is 82.6 for men and 89.3 for women.

There are six ethnic groups in Kadolha: the Kadolhans, which make up 96.7% of the population, the exact number is 90,792,510; the Bloodians make up 1.3% of the total population (1,220,581), their most populated areas are in western Kadolha, north Vačarje and around the border of Larinija; Lipnitians make up 1% of the population (938,909); Lubilians make up 0.5% of the population (469,454); Arkanovians make up 0.4% of the population (375,563); and the Satarians which inhabit areas of the border with Sataria through Primoria, they make up 0.1% of the total population (93,890). Approximately ? million Kadolhans live outside Kadolha today. The literacy rate has remained the same for the past decade, 99.8% for males and 99.7% for females. The median age is 40.6, and has recently increased following the sudden increase in the average lifespan of the population.

Kadolha is predominantly a Rodnover nation, having rejected Issianism in the early 8th century. Although there is a small presence of Issians of Lipnitian descent in the north and Arkanovian Issians in the south.

Religion[edit]

Religion in Kadolha (2015 census)

  Kadolhan Rodnovery (96.8%)
  Issianism (1.5%)
  Irreligion (0.4%)

The Government of Kadolha recognizes Kadolhan Rodnovery as the prevailing faith of the country, while guaranteeing religious belief of all its citizens, except for Judaism, which is believed to be rooted out of Kadolha. The government keeps statistics and censuses on the population every year. The 2015 estimate on the population is 96.8% Kadolhan Rodnover (90,886,398), 1,5% Issianism (1,408,363), 1.3% Bloodian Rodnovery (1,220,581) and 0.4% irreligious (375,565).

Kadolhan Rodnover priests
The majority of Kadolhans consider themselves to be faithful followers of the Kadolhan Native Faith, which has been the state religion for centuries.

The third biggest religion in Kadolha, Bloodian Rodnovery numbers 1,220,581, as already mentioned in the first paragraph. The majority, if not all, Bloodian Rodnovers are located in the special administrative division of Vačarje. Bloodian Rodnovery has been recognized as a religion in Kadolha after the end of the Reunification War in the early 18th century.

There is very little presence of irreligious Kadolhans, numbering only 375,565, who are mostly Atheists, Nontheists and to a lesser extent Agnostics.

Judaism is believed to be rooted out of Kadolha, due to persecution that lasted through centuries. Persecution of Jews began in the mid-18th century, but a more widespread persecution of Jews came into motion in the 1920s, 1930s and 1940s, and since the end of the Second Great War, they are all believed to be rooted out.

Language[edit]

The official language is Kadolhan, native to 98.8% of the population. It is among the many languages with active digraphia, using the Kadolhan Cyrillic alphabet and the Kadolhan Latin alphabet. The Cyrillic alphabet is the official alphabet and is to be used at all times, unlike Kadolhan Latin alphabet which isn't used in any documentation, although it is used on governmental, healthcare, educational and other civilian institutions. A survey shows that 94% of Kadolhans are in favor of the Cyrillic script and 6% in favor of the Kadolhan Latin script.

The Kadolhan language was devised in 1739 by Kadolhan linguist, Karelij Hezajski, where he introduced his edited version of the Cyrillic alphabet in order to adapt it to the reformed Kadolhan language, making it the official script since 1740. From there on, the language spoken before 1740 is referred to as Old Kadolhan. Prior the reformation, Kadolhans used the earlier version of the Cyrillic alphabet.

The only recognized minority language is the Bloodian language, spoken primarily by Bloodians in the west, who's population in specific areas exceed 15%, along with a few Kadolhans who have it as either their mother tongue or secondary language. Common minority languages spoken primarily in border areas only include Lipnitian, because Lubilian and Hakovian are considered to be forms of the Kadolhan language.

Healthcare[edit]

Kadolha has a universal healthcare system available for all its citizens, which is funded and directly controlled by regional authorities. The average life expectancy is 82.6 years for men and 89.3 years for women, the obesity rate for men is 5.6%, being among the lowest in Zemlya, which is a major decrease compared to the 6% in the 1980s, while the obesity rate for women has remained 5.2% there has never been a problem with Kadolhans becoming overweight, as the state encourages the people, especially the youth to become physically active sportsmen in order to lead a healthier life. A part of this was the anti-smoking, anti-alcohol consumption and anti-drug campaign funded by the authorities to decrease cigarette consumption, alcohol consumption and drug use, which effectively worked. The government spends 11.7% of its GDP on healthcare, as it offers free healthcare for only citizens of Kadolha and to some extent Bloodian citizens residing in the country.

According to a National Statistics Bureau report, Kadolhans rank among the healthiest people in Slavia, only 10.4% of Kadolhan adults are smokers, 5.6% of the male population and 5.1% of the female population is obese. There have been no concerning health issues that would've caused an epidemic.

Education[edit]

Kadolha has a free education system, which is guaranteed for all Kadolhan citizens and to some extent foreigners with Kadolhan citizenship from neighbouring countries such as Lipnitia. Education in Kadolha is regulated by the Bureau of Education, the current Bureau Executive of Education is David Tanasěvić. Education starts in elementary schools, but there is an optional kindergarten for children between the ages of three and six. Compulsory education consists of eight grades of elementary school starting at the age of seven. Students have the option to continue their education for four more years in gymnasiums and vocational schools, or to enroll in vocational training for three years.

The University of Varina
There are multiple universities in Kadolha, but the most popular are the University of Kradelas, University of Ljotićgrad, University of Varina, University of Laškana and the Šekoval Regional University. The literacy rate of the male population is 99.8%, while the female population is only 0.1% below, standing at 99.7%. Education in primary and secondary schools is limited to state-owned educational facilities, while students may choose to attend either private tertiary or state-owned tertiary schools. Of course, education in state-owned schools is free, unlike in private universities, where students have to pay after the end of every semester.

The University of Kradelas is the highest-ranking Kadolhan educational institution and is one of the most rated in Slavia, followed by the Šekoval Regional University. The newest institutions are the University of Galebica, constructed in 2014, and the University of Nedićgrad, constructed in 2010.

Economy[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

Industry[edit]

Telecommunications[edit]

Energy[edit]

Transport[edit]

Tourism[edit]

Culture[edit]

Art[edit]

Literature[edit]

Music[edit]

Sports[edit]

Theatre and cinema[edit]

Media[edit]

Cuisine[edit]

Public holidays[edit]

The public holidays in Kadolha are defined by the Act on National Holidays in the Republic of Kadolha.

Date Name Native Name Notes
January 1 New Year's Day Нова година Marks the first day of the Gregorian calendar year.
February 17 Thunders Громови Beginning of the calving period.
February 24 Day of Veles Дан Велеса Celebration of the god of forests, animals and commerce, Veles.
March 17–22 Larks Шеве Preparations for agricultural season and marks the spring equinox.
April 24 Day of Rejoice Радоница Celebration of ancestors.
May 1 Red Hill Црвена гора Celebration of the god of the sun, Dazhbog.
June 17–24 Green Week Зелена седмица Week of supernatural might, the time of spirits.
June 19 Day of Jarilo Дан Ярила Marks the summer solstice and celebration of the god of fertility, Jarilo.
July 26 Unification Day Дан удружења Marks the unification of Kadolha.
July 27–August 2 Days of Perun Дани Перуна Dedicated to the god of thunder and lightning, Perun.
August 3 Beginning of Harvest Почетак жетве Marks the beginning of the harvest, dedicated to the Sun and the Earth Mother.
August 5 Statehood Day Дан државности Marks the formation of the Republic of Kadolha.
August 10 End of Harvest Крај жетве Marks the end of the harvest, festival is held in honor of the Earth Mother.
August 22 Victory over Communism Побєда над комунизмом Commemoration of the victory over the Kadolhan People's Republic in the Kadolhan Civil War.
September 21–28 Days of Autumn Єсењи дани Marks the autumn equinox and celebration of the Earth Mother Mokosh.
October 25 Grandfathers Деде Commemoration of ancestors where food is left for them overnight.
November 10–17 Days of Mokosh Дани Мокоше Disappearence of green grass and preparation for winter. Considered a female celebration.
December First Snow Први сниєг Beginning of winter, Morana covers the land in ice and snow.
December 21–28 Winter Sun Зимско сунце Marks the winter solstice, dedicated to Veles and ancestors.