|2nd Ziridavan Civil War|
Ziridavan rebel in December 1985
Blue Wing Movement|
Ziridava People's Army defectors
Dissident members of the Ziridava Communist Party
People's Republic of Ziridava|
|Commanders and leaders|
Ognyan Vancho |
Maj. General Fyodor A. Nikitin
Blue Wing Movement Armed Wing|
Various defector ZPA units
Ziridava People's Army|
Ziridava Communist Party
46th Air Assault Brigade
Zivropolskaya Guards Airborne Division
3rd Spetsnaz Brigade
|Casualties and losses|
The Second Ziridavan Civil War was a civil war in the People's Republic of Ziridava from March 1985 to August 1986. The war began on March 4th 1985 in the city of Progena and soon spread throughout the country, and was lead by the Blue Wing Movement, under the command of Nikola Desislav. The war would ultimately lead to the fall of the Ziridavan communist government and the execution of it's leader, Ognyan Vancho. Along with the formation of the Republic of Ziridava, August 2nd was declared a national holiday in the Republic of Ziridava, known as Freedom & Remembrance Day.
Protests, civil resistance, defections (January-March 1985)
The uprising was marked by massive anti-government opposition demonstrations against the communist government led by Ognyan, which was initially met with police and military violence, massive arrests and a brutal crackdown, resulting in hundreds of deaths and thousands of wounded. Despite the goverment's attempts to stop the protests with the massive crackdown and use of censorship on one hand and concessions on the other, by the end of February 1985 it became clear the situation was getting out of control, and Ognyan Vancho ordered the army deploy numerous troops on the ground. The civil uprising phase led to the emergence of militant opposition movements and massive defections from the Ziridavan army, which gradually transformed the conflict from a civil uprising to an armed rebellion, and later a full-scale civil war. The rebel Blue Wing Movement Armed Wing was created on March 3rd 1985, marking the transition into an armed insurgency.
Initial armed insurgency
Escalation and foreign intervention
VP withdrawal and ZPA mutiny
By May 1986, Stasnov had made the decision to withdraw military forces from Ziridava. Factors for this decision include no direct land connection to Ziridava, which made deployment of forces difficult, which was only made more difficult by the distance between the two countries. Additionally, word of the Vormoza Ambush had circulated despite censorship attempts by the Ziridavan government, which fueled anti-Stasnovan sentiments amongst the population. The Battle of Shimvaxi had also enraged the population of Ziridava, and sparked massive protests and harassment against Stasnovan forces in the country, in response to the high number of civilian deaths caused.
Rebel offensive of May 1986
Fall of Progena and execution of Ognyan Vancho
After the war, a humanitarian crisis was declared due to ongoing fighting between new government forces and remnant ZPA forces, who had resorted to guerilla warfare after the war. Clashes between both forces and various militias which rose to power in the aftermath occurred for several years after the death of Ognyan Vancho. During this time, violence against civilians was rampant, with ZPA remnants and far-right militias committing most war crimes. In response to continued violence in the country, the OCN formed a peacekeeping force comprised of 8,500 soldiers from Acerrian, Temischan, Lyonian, and Acronian military forces. This force was known as Ziridava Force (ZFOR), and was deployed in October 1987. The ZFOR remained in the country until October 1989, after the government of the Republic of Ziridava was officially established in 1988 and stability was mostly restored.